Area of Law: Tax Law
Answer # 1701
Child benefits and tax creditsRegion: Ontario Answer # 1701
Canada Child Benefit (CCB)
The Canada Child Benefit (CCB) is a federal government tax-free monthly payment made to eligible families to help with the cost of raising children under the age of 18. To receive the CCB, you and your spouse or common-law partner must file an income tax and benefit return every year, even if you have not received income in the year. The CCB might include the Child Disability Benefit (CDB) and any related provincial and territorial programs.
Who is eligible for the CCB?
To be eligible for the CCB, an individual:
- must live with the child, and the child must be under 18 years of age,
- must be the primary caregiver of the child,
- must be a resident of Canada for tax purposes,
- or their spouse, or common-law partner must be a Canadian citizen, or permanent resident, protected person or temporary resident (as defined in the Immigration and Refugee Act) who has lived in Canada 18 months or more, or an Indian (as defined in the Indian Act).
Although Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) usually considers mothers, or a female guardian to be the ‘person primarily responsible for the child’, fathers, grandparents and other guardians could also be considered to be primarily responsible.
How much will the CCB pay?
The CCB basic benefit amount for the period July 2018 to June 2019 is:
- $6,496 per year per child under the age of 6, and
- $5,481 per year per child aged 6 through 17
The CCB basic benefit amount for the period June 22, 2019 to July 2020 is:
- $6,639 per year per child under the age of 6, and
- $5,602 per year per child aged 6 through 17
CRA calculates the amount of benefit you will receive based on the following:
- the number of children who live with you,
- the ages of the children,
- your adjusted family net income, and
- whether your child is eligible for the Child Disability Benefit.
Benefits begin to decrease beginning at $30,450 in net family income. Low and middle-income families will receive more benefits, while higher income families (generally over $150,000) will receive less.
Child Disability Benefit (CDB)
The Child Disability Benefit (CDB) is an additional monthly tax-free benefit included in the CCB to help low-income families who care for children under 18 with mental or physical disabilities.
For the period from July 2018 to June 2019, the annual maximum amount, per child who qualifies, is $2,771. The CDB will be reduced when an adjusted net family income is above $65,975.
To be eligible for the CDB:
- the child must be under age 18, and
- a qualified practitioner must certify (using form: T2201 Disability Tax Credit Certificate) that the child has a severe and prolonged impairment in physical or mental function. A prolonged impairment means the impairment has lasted for a continuous period of at least 12 months.
CRA must approve the certification. For more information on the Child Disability Benefit, visit CRA.
Ontario Child Benefit (OCB)
The Ontario Government also offers a program to help reduce child poverty. It is called the Ontario Child Benefit (OCB). This program, administered by Canada Revenue Agency, is for low-income to moderate-income families. If you qualify for this benefit, you will receive payments whether you work or not.
For the period from July 2018 to June 2019, you may be eligible to receive up-to $116.91 per month, per child. The OCB will be reduced when an adjusted net family income is above $21,416.
The OCB is available to people who:
- are the primary caregiver of a child under the age of 18,
- are Ontario residents,
- have filed a tax return for the previous year (this includes both spouses, whether legally married or common-law), and
- have registered their child for the federal Canada Child Benefit.
Those who qualify for the Ontario Child Benefit will receive their payment as part of the federal CCB monthly payments.
How to apply for child benefits
An application for all federal and provincial child benefit programs is made by filing one form with CRA, called the Canada Child Benefits Application.
Parents (or guardians) should apply for child benefits as soon as the child is born, begins living with them, or the applicant becomes a Canadian resident.
Applications can be filed in one of three ways:
- For mothers of a newborn, apply using the Automated Benefits Application to register the birth of your child, and at the same time apply for benefits.
- For individuals with a CRA account, apply online using the Apply for Child Benefits Service in My Account; or
- Download a Canada Child Benefits Application from the CRA website. The completed application must then be sent to your local tax centre (a list of centres is available online and on the back of the application).
CRA will process the application in about three months and determine which federal and provincial programs you qualify for. You will then be sent a CCB notice that will tell you the amount of your payments, if any, and what information the CRA used to calculate the amount.
Ontario childcare tax credits
Ontario Childcare Access and Relief from Expenses (CARE) Credit – Pending
The Ontario government has also proposed a new Ontario Childcare Access and Relief from Expenses (CARE) personal income tax credit, which focuses on low- and moderate-income families. If approved, families could receive up-to $6,000 per child under seven, up-to $3,750 per child between the ages of seven and 16, and up-to $8,250 per child with a severe disability. If passed this credit will take affect for the 2019 tax year.
The new credit would support families with incomes of up-to $150,000 and would provide eligible families with up-to 75 per cent of their eligible child care expenses. It’s aim is to allow families to access a broad range of child care options, such as care centres, homes and camps. The CARE credit would be in addition to the existing Child Care Expense Deduction (CCED) which provides provincial and federal tax relief toward eligible child care expenses to higher income families.
For more information about the Ontario Child Benefit, visit the Ontario Ministry of Children, Community and Social Services website.
For additional information about the Canada Child Benefit and how to apply, visit Canada Revenue Agency.
For help filing your tax returns, contact H&R Block.
For legal advice and assistance with tax planning, a CRA tax dispute, or other tax issues, contact our preferred Tax lawyers and see who’s right for you:
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