Area of Law: Business Law
Answer # 208
Choosing and searching a business nameRegion: Ontario Answer # 208
There are several guidelines to follow when you choose a name for your sole proprietorship. The name should be distinctive and describe your business in some way. The name must not be misleading to the public and it cannot include obscene words. The words corporation, incorporated, or limited (or their abbreviations) cannot be used, since these words are reserved for corporations only.
You must be careful not to copy or come too close to copying another business name. If your business name is too similar to a name that is already being used, you may have to change your business name, and you may be sued. To make sure your business name is not already being used, you should conduct a name search.
Conducting a name search
There are three main types of name searches. You can perform one of the searches yourself, or you can order a search from the Ministry of Government and Consumer Services, or you can pay a search company to do it.
The first search you should conduct is by searching various directories such as online telephone directories and business listings.
Second, you can conduct a search using the Ministry of Government and Consumer Services Enhanced Business Name Search to see if the business name has been registered with the Ontario Government. You can conduct the name search online or by mailing in the form. There is a small fee for each name searched. This service is affordable and easy to use. This type of search is usually sufficient for a sole proprietorship that only plans to do business in Ontario.
Because the public records available at the Ministry may not be completely up-to-date, if you do not find another business using your proposed business name, you should still conduct a further search through a search company.
The third type of search is the NUANS search. NUANS stands for New Upgraded Automated Name Search. A NUANS search is the most thorough type of search. There is a small fee for this service. The NUANS search will reveal all registered business and corporation names and trademarks that are similar to the business name you propose to use. This search is necessary if you want to conduct business in provinces outside Ontario, as the search reveals all existing names that have been registered in Canada. For information about choosing and searching a business name, visit ServiceOntario. More information can also be found at Canada Business Ontario. To conduct a NUANS search, visit nuans.com.
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