Area of Law: Cannabis Law
Answer # 2361
How much cannabis can you legally possess?Region: Ontario Answer # 2361
Limits for cannabis possession in public
Under the federal Cannabis Act, adults who are 18 years of age or older can legally possess cannabis within certain limits. It is important to note that although the federal minimum age for possession of cannabis in public is 18, most provinces and territories have raised the minimum age requirement to 19. In Quebec, the age is 21.
Individuals who have attained the legal age of possession in their province can legally possess the following:
- Up-to 30 grams of legal cannabis, dried, or the following equivalents:
- 150 grams of fresh cannabis
- 450 grams of edible product
- 2,100 grams of liquid product
- 5 grams of concentrates (solid or liquid)
- 30 cannabis plant seeds
- Share up-to 30 grams with other adults.
- Purchase fresh and dried cannabis, and cannabis oils from authorized provincial or territorial retailers.
- Grow for personal use up-to 4 plants per residence (not per person) from licensed seeds or seedlings.
- Make cannabis products, such as food and drinks, at home as long as organic solvents are not used to create concentrated products.
Equivalents to dried cannabis
The Federal Government has developed the equivalent amounts for other cannabis products to identify what their possession limit would be.
Under the Act, one (1) gram of dried cannabis is equal to:
- 5 grams of fresh cannabis
- 15 grams of edible product
- 70 grams of liquid product
- 25 grams of concentrates (solid or liquid)
- 1 cannabis plant seed
For information on the number of cannabis plant you are allowed to grow at home, refer to Can someone legally grow cannabis at home?
Penalties for possession over the legal amount
Under the Act, the penalty for possession of cannabis in public over the limit is:
- tickets (fines) for small amounts
- up-to 5 years in prison for large amounts
Youth below the legal age of possession:
- Can be charged for possession and/or distribution of over 5 grams
- Are not allowed to have any plants
- If charged, will be sentenced under the Youth Criminal Justice Act
Limits for cannabis possession at home
Under provincial and territorial rules, the amount of cannabis someone can possess at home is as follows:
No Limits: Alberta, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, the Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Ontario and Prince Edward Island
British Columbia: 1,000 grams
Nunavut and Quebec: 150 grams
Saskatchewan and Yukon: No amount has been set.
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