Area of Law: Cannabis Law
Answer Number: 2304
What are edibles?Region: Ontario Answer Number: 2304
Edibles refer to foods and drinks containing cannabis and are taken for both recreational as well as medicinal purposes.
While edibles can contain both the cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) cannabinoids from cannabis, they usually have a higher concentration of THC, producing possible effects that can range from fatigue and relaxation, to euphoria and even an increase in appetite. The THC can also produce a feeling of anxiety.
Specifically, edibles can be made with:
- marijuana – the buds, stems or leaves of the cannabis plant,
- hashish – the resin of the cannabis plant, or
- infused with marijuana or hash oils.
Different kinds of edibles
Edibles are often used as an alternative to smoking or vaping cannabis. Edibles come in many forms, including:
- candies, including animal or fruit-shaped gummies,
- butter, and
- beverages, such as cannabis tea, soda and beer
How much THC is in edibles?
The amount of THC, the main psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, can vary greatly in edible marijuana products, especially homemade edibles, making it difficult to control how much THC is consumed. Because of this, users may not be prepared for the often stronger potency and long-lasting effects edibles often have.
Edibles are legal to consume, but not sell
Although the Cannabis Act came effect on October 17, 2018, making it legal for adults to purchase fresh or dried cannabis, cannabis oil, and seeds and plants for cultivation, edibles will not be legal to sell until at least October 17, 2019, one year after the Cannabis Act came into force. This is due to the fact that formulating new food regulations and edible requirements is extremely complex. However, the new law makes it legal to make your own edibles and consume them at home (you just cannot sell them).
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