What are edibles?

Region: Ontario Answer # 2304

Edibles refer to foods and drinks containing cannabis and are taken for both recreational as well as medicinal purposes.

While edibles can contain both the cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) cannabinoids from cannabis, they usually have a higher concentration of THC, producing possible effects that can range from fatigue and relaxation, to euphoria and even an increase in appetite. The THC can also produce a feeling of anxiety.

Specifically, edibles can be made with:

  • marijuana – the buds, stems or leaves of the cannabis plant,
  • hashish – the resin of the cannabis plant, or
  • infused with marijuana or hash oils.

Different kinds of edibles

Edibles are often used as an alternative to smoking or vaping cannabis. Edibles come in many forms, including:

  • brownies,
  • cookies,
  • candies, including animal or fruit-shaped gummies,
  • suckers
  • chocolates,
  • butter, and
  • beverages, such as cannabis tea, soda and beer

How much THC is in edibles?

The amount of THC, the main psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, can vary greatly in edible marijuana products, especially homemade edibles, making it difficult to control how much THC is consumed. Because of this, users may not be prepared for the often stronger potency and long-lasting effects edibles often have.

Edibles are legal to consume, but not sell

Although the Cannabis Act came effect on October 17, 2018, making it legal for adults to purchase fresh or dried cannabis, cannabis oil, and seeds and plants for cultivation, edibles and concentrates will not be legal to sell until October 2019, one year after the Cannabis Act came into force. This is due to the fact that formulating new food regulations and edible requirements is extremely complex. However, the new law makes it legal to make your own edibles and consume them at home (you just cannot sell them).

What will be legal as of October 17, 2019?

On June 14, 2019 Health Canada confirmed that the new regulations will come into effect on October 17, and as of mid-December the following three new classes of cannabis products will be legally for sale:

  1. Edibles (e.g. candy, baked goods, beverages containing cannabis extracts).
  2. Cannabis extracts: a type of cannabis concentrate (e.g. hash oil) that uses solvents to draw out the desired substances of a plant, seed or fruit.
  3. Cannabis topicals (cannabis extracts prepared with alcohol, oil or wax and applied to the skin, such as ointments, oils, and salves).

For legal advice and assistance with a cannabis related matter, contact our preferred cannabis law expert, Harrison Jordan Law .

Harrison Jordan Cannabis ONHarrison Jordan Cannabis ON


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