Area of Law: Cannabis Law
Answer # 2440
What cannabis products can legally be sold?Region: Ontario Answer # 2440
Currently, Canadians can legally purchase:
- fresh and dried cannabis flower buds
- cannabis oils or capsules
- seeds and plants for cultivation
- pre-rolled cannabis cigarettes and accessories (e.g. rolling papers)
- cannabis edibles, extracts and topicals
How much can you buy?
Whether you are purchasing cannabis from a provincial or private retail store or ordering online, the federal Cannabis Act states adults over 18 (or 19 depending on the province) and 21 in Quebec, can legally purchase and possess up-to 30 grams of legal cannabis, dried or equivalent in non-dried form.
Under the Act, one (1) gram of dried cannabis is equal to:
- 5 grams of fresh cannabis
- 15 grams of edible product
- 70 grams of liquid product
- 25 grams of concentrates (solid or liquid)
- 1 cannabis plant seed
Consumers cannot buy more than 30 grams of cannabis at one time, the maximum amount allowed for one person to carry in public under the Cannabis Act. However, they can place several online orders. When shopping, the online system will track what is put in the consumer’s cart to ensure only the allowable 30-gram limit is purchased at one time.
Cannabis edibles, extracts and topicals
The following three classes of cannabis products have recently become legal to sell and purchase in Canada: edibles, extracts (also known as concentrates), and topicals.
- Edibles refer to food and drink products such as weed-infused beverages, baked goods, gummy candies and lollipops made with marijuana or hashish, or infused with marijuana or hash oils. There is a limit of 10 milligrams on the amount of THC that can be in a package of edible cannabis.
- Extracts refer to concentrated THC and CBD liquid extracts from the cannabis flower (such as hash oil). Extracts can be ingested or inhaled (vaped). Vape pens used to consume extracts are also legally available for sale. For ingested extracts, the total amount of THC that could be in a unit— such as a capsule —is 10 milligrams. The total amount of THC in a package of a cannabis extract is 1,000 milligrams (e.g., 100 10‑milligram capsules). For inhaled extracts, the total amount of THC allowed in a package is 1,000 milligrams.
- Topicals refer to cannabis extracts prepared with alcohol, oil or wax and applied to the skin, hair or nails, such as ointments, oils, and salves. The total amount of THC in a package of a cannabis topicals is also 1,000 milligrams.
Along with the legal amount of THC that is allowed in each packaged product, new Health Canada Regulations on edibles, extracts and topicals also include strict packaging and labelling requirements. Licensed producers must first submit their edible and topical cannabis products to Health Canada before they can be available for legal sale to the public. Once submitted, the products are subject to a 60-90 day approval and procurement process.
Although cannabis edibles are legal federally, provincial and territorial governments regulate the rules regarding the sale of edibles and the consumption of edibles in public. For more information, view other topics in Cannabis Law.
For legal advice and assistance with a cannabis related matter, contact our preferred cannabis law expert, Harrison Jordan Law .
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