Area of Law: Cannabis Law
Answer Number: 2305
What is CBD oil?Region: Ontario Answer Number: 2305
CBD is one of the two most popular naturally occurring cannabinoids found in cannabis plants, the other being tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Unlike THC, CBD does not produce psychoactive effects, such as a high or euphoric feeling, although it may block or reduce some of the effects that THC has when present in a product with at least a 1:1 ratio of THC to CBD.
What types of CBD products are legal?
Currently, the only CBD products available for legal purchase are:
- CBD dried marijuana,
- cannabis oil and
- where obtainable, seeds and clones.
All Canadians adults can personally alter their legal CBD products into other forms, as long as no organic solvent is used in the process.
Although other types of CBD products may be popular, they are not yet available on the legal market.
Where can legal CBD be purchased legally?
Recreational consumers can legally purchase CBD dried marijuana and cannabis oils, but must do so through their province’s authorized retailer(s). Illegal CBD products can be found widely in a variety of places, such as convenience stores and gas stations across Canada, but it might be considered illicit cannabis that you should not possess. Always check for an excise stamp on your purchased cannabis.
Medical cannabis patients can access CBD dried marijuana and cannabis oils from their authorized commercial federal medical sales license holder. Patients can also grow CBD-rich strains if they have a registration certificate from Health Canada.
Types of CBD:
- CBD oil is the concentrated liquid extract of CBD. It can be a full spectrum oil that has been added to a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil and is consumed through ingestion; or an CBD isolate, often used in topicals and creams. CBD oil can also be made into an alcohol tincture when added to a highly concentrated grain alcohol.
- Full spectrum CBD oil Full spectrum CBD oil has a variety of cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, such as terpenes, flavanoids, and chlorophyll,.. It also contains various vitamins and minerals such as vitamins A, C, E, niacin, riboflavin, and thiamine, as well as essential fats and protein (including Omega 3 and Omega 6).
- CBD isolate CBD isolate is a natural cannabinoid derivative made from industrial hemp oil and refined to a 99% cannabidiol in its purest form – crystalline. All other chemical compounds of the plant, including terpenes, flavanoids, chlorophyll, plant waxes and any remaining matter have been removed. Isolate is a white pure crystalline powder that has no taste or scent, allowing a much easier ingestion for people who struggle with some of the existing oils, although it is often added to creams and other topical health products.
How does CBD work in the body?
CBD produces its effects by interacting with the human endocannabinoid system. Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids that are naturally produced in the human body. CBD can increase or improve the production of endocannabinoids, which affect how we feel physically.
Why is CBD oil used?
Because CBD does not produce psychoactive effects, such as a high or intoxicated feeling, it is most often used by people who are looking for a more relaxing or calming affect. For many people it has various health benefits and can be prescribed for medical purposes as a treatment for many different conditions and ailments.
Some of the most popular conditions CBD oil is used to treat include:
- chronic pain
- anxiety and depression
- epileptic seizures
- opioid addiction
- nausea, and more
It is also used to treat the symptoms of more serious diseases like cancer, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.
While clinical trials, studies and research have been done by various universities and pharmaceutical companies to support claims that CBD oil is an effective treatment for certain conditions, it is important to note that there is no clinical proof to support these claims.
While many use CBD oil to treat certain conditions, some users may experience these same conditions as a result of its use. Specifically, negative side effects can include:
For more information regarding side effects, visit What are the health effects of cannabis use?
How are CBD oils consumed?
CBD oil can be taken many ways, the most common being:
- Drops: administered under the tongue, considered one of the fastest ways it can be absorbed
- Capsules: may take longer to ingest than the drops, but is tasteless
- Edibles: such as brownies, candies, and tea
- Topical treatments: in ointments, lotions and sprays for pain relief and inflammation from ailments such as arthritis and certain injuries
- Mixed with tobacco and smoked in a cigarette or bong
- Vaping: oil added to vape pen or e-pipe (electronic pipe)
The length of time it takes the CBD to produce affects and how long it stays in the system varies greatly, depending on a number of factors, including how much is consumed, and how it is consumed.
For instance, an edible such as a cannabis brownie will not have consistent amounts of CBD in each bite. One person may absorb a large amount of CBD and another eating the same brownie other may not. However, when CBD is taken by smoking or vaping the potency may be more consistent. For more information, view How long does cannabis stay in your system after consumption?
For legal advice and assistance with a cannabis related matter, contact our preferred cannabis law expert, Harrison Jordan Law .
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