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What is the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP)?

Region: Ontario Answer Number: 2102

The RCMP is Canada’s federal police. They have authority to act across the entire country. With the exception of Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario, and Québec, the RCMP is also contracted by the other 7 provinces and the 3 territories to be their provincial / territorial law enforcement agency. In addition to this, the RCMP serves as municipal police to many towns and cities throughout the country. Here are some basic facts about the RCMP:

  • Established as the ‘North West Mounted Police’ in 1873 by the Canadian government to police vast areas of western Canada
  • Officially became the ‘Royal Canadian Mounted Police’ in 1920 after absorbing the Dominion Police
  • Headquartered in Ottawa, Ontario
  • Police those areas of Canada in which 23 percent of Canadians live
  • Organized into 4 regions, 14 divisions, with a presence throughout Canada
  • 26,000 employees and 75,000 volunteers
  • Administers or enforces more than 250 federal statutes and agreements
  • Responsible for protective security measures to safeguard designated persons (VIPs), federal properties and other vital points from security offences and threats
  • Administers the Canadian Police Information Centre (CPIC)
  • Has over 750 autonomous units

Provincial Police Services:

  • Newfoundland and Labrador, Royal Newfoundland Constabulary (RNC)
  • Ontario, Ontario Provincial Police (OPP)
  • Quebec, Sûreté du Québec (SQ), also commonly referred to as Quebec Provincial Police (QPP)

To erase your criminal record, call toll-free 1-800-874-2652 or learn more at Parole Board of Canada. It’s easier than you think.

If you have been charged with a criminal offence, refer to our criminal law section.



PBC Criminal Records ONPBC Criminal Records ON




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